Global Low-Level Presence Initiative (GLI) Statement: Principles, Criteria and Practical Approaches for Addressing Low-Level Presence (LLP) in International Food and Feed Trade of Plant Material

Recalling earlier statements to encourage development of practical approaches to address LLP globally and to work collaboratively to address the overarching problem of asynchronous authorizations, including the International Statement on Low-Level Presence, the Communiqué on Approaches to Reduce Asynchronous Authorizations in Food and Feed Derived from Recombinant DNA (rDNA) Plants, and the Memorandum on Improving Access to Data and Information for Food and Feed Safety Assessment in Situations of Low-Level Presence (LLP) of Recombinant-DNA (rDNA) Plant Material,

Acknowledging in accordance to the International Statement on Low Level Presence, for the purposes of this statement the definition of LLP for food as low levels of recombinant DNA plant materials that have passed a food safety assessment according to the Codex Guideline for the Conduct of Food Safety Assessment of Foods Derived from Recombinant-DNA Plants (CAC/GL 45-2003) in one or more countries, but may on occasion be present in food in importing countries in which the food safety of the relevant recombinant-DNA plants has not been determined; and recognizing that practical approaches need to cover both food and feed,

Noting that LLP is an issue of mounting importance, and that alongside the significant growth in global trade in agricultural products, a growing number of countries, including GLI members, are developing, commercializing, exporting, and importing rDNA plant products, and that predictable and reliable trade of food and feed helps contribute to innovation, development of new plant varieties, reduction in the environmental footprint of agriculture, and ultimately to an increase in global food security,

Recognizing that food and feed handling requires careful management to achieve specified quality; that it is unavoidable that bulk commodities may contain low levels of other materials and that occasional commingling in handling, along with biological factors, such as cross-pollination, can result in low levels of foreign materials, including rDNA plant products, in food and/or feed shipments,

Noting that disruptions to trade due to LLP, including those relating to risks of rejection of imports and regulatory non-compliance, can impact both exporting and importing countries in different ways, including reduced access to food and/or feed from imported sources, an inability to meet contractual requirements, and significant commercial losses to importing and exporting parties,

Acknowledging that this proposal presents principles and approaches developed to give guidance on practical measures on LLP situations, while maintaining public trust and ensuring transparency;

Recognizing that because individual countries devise measures consistent with their domestic legal and regulatory requirements, each approach may not necessarily be applicable to every country,

In this context, underlining that this document is not binding and its aim is to suggest tools for addressing trade disruptions due to LLP,

We, the undersigned countries, support and encourage the acknowledgement of the following principles for the development of practical approaches to addressing LLP by governments and for bolstering continued industry stewardship efforts:

Guiding Principles for the Development of Practical Approaches to LLP

In addition to the above principles, we support and encourage the following essential elements of a given approach or approaches for addressing LLP, which include efforts by both governments and industry.

Essential Elements of Practical Approaches

Based upon these principles and essential elements, we support consideration of the following possible approaches by governments and industry as practical means to address LLP. We recognize that these approaches require the establishment of various supporting mechanisms, and that they could present challenges (for example, technical, economic, or political) to governments and industry stakeholders.

Practical Approaches


Governments and Industry:


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